We know very little about the origination of Chinese dogs and Shar-Pei isn’t an exception. There are no written testimonies. Verbal legends are lost, and the rest is very poor. The most information is taken from modern researches, numerous assumptions and theories.
The two main theories assert, Shar-Pei has come either from short-haired Chow Chow or from ancient Mastiff. The Chinese Shar-Pei and Chow Chow had existed in the same time, and in the build and appearance have very much in common. Also only these two dogs from all the breeds have a blue-black tongue. Unfortunately there is also a few information about the origin. of Chow Chow. It is possible that Chow Chow is an independent breed, but its origin from the Tibet Mastiff is also possible.
In any case, it is generally accepted that the Chinese Shar-Pei had been existed during many centuries in the southern provinces of China on the coast of the South China Sea. Authoritative testimonies point out, that the breed was known at least since the Han dynasty (202 B.C. – 220 A.D.). For proving of this fact there are references to sculptural images of the dogs from graves. The figures from clay represent a stocky dog of medium size and substance; square in profile, with the ringtail and the head displaying a sullen-scowling expression. But the Chinese art is distinguished by high degree of stylization, and dogs were not the favorite objects for representation.
There is also a suggestion, that the birthplace of the Chinese Shar-Pei is the small town of Tai-Lee near Canton. It is possible that the baiting dogs from Tai-Lee are ancestors of the modern Chinese Shar-Pei. According the statements of the specialists, local peasant and landowners liked the dog’s fights and had turned it into the games of chance. Other testimonies point that such games were a passion of the seamen and pirates, for beguiling the time in the port they organized the dog’s fights.
It is known almost beyond all doubt that the Chinese Shar-Pei or one of its ancestors was a baiting dog. For this “sport” are responsible a constitution, especially powerful jawbones, which can grasp and hold the enemy. The cutting hair protects Shar-Pei from injuries. It is unpleasant for any animal to hold such hair in the mouth. It is possible, that it was a purposeful breeding of aggressive dogs, and many specialists are sure that for increase of fighting’s qualities they were given stimulators.
Shar-Pei has become an universal peasant’s dog, suiting for house protection and for hunting. But forget not that the dog stand either heat no cold.
The English name “Bulldog” that means literally “bull’s dog”, is connected with its primary purpose of this dog – to bait a bull. The bulldog attacked its enemy ahead, grasp a lip, tongue or nose and hung, without unclasp its jams. Bull baiting was for a long time the most favorite spectacle for many people in England from aristocracy to common people.
The history of developing of English bulldog begins in the middle of 16 -beginning of 17 centuries. English bulldog is one of the branches of developing of ancient European mastiff dogs. We must specify that the English bulldog is an old European bulldog, at which re-raising are working nowadays American breeders. There are two kinds of old European bulldog: a Victorian bulldog with characteristic forelegs with slight bend, and a bulldog with straight forelegs, which selects David Leavete from State Pennsylvania in the USA.
In the 50-60-th years of 20 century in the Great Britain it became all rage to cultivate exhibition dogs. For this purpose was selected a new breed using an old European bulldog and small pug-dog from China. As a result we have a modern English bulldog, not tall, stocky, broad-chested.
The moder English dogt is without ferocity and aggressiveness. The main forces in the breeding were maid for decorativeness.
The first standard in England is dated 1864 and officially it was accepted in 1875. Forb a long time there was a law in England, that forbade export of a bulldog in other countries. In the 80-th years the prohibition was called off and the importing of the English bulldog in the countries of the West Europe has began.
The English bulldog is a good friend, is on good terms with children. It needs evry day physical exercises.